Glossary

a

Aloe Vera

Aloe vera gel has many properties. First of all, it is an excellent skin moisturizer that provides the skin with vitamins and trace elements. It also restricts water loss and protects against external irritants by forming a protective film on the surface of the skin. Its soothing effects include relief for skin prone to irritation and itching.

INCI name: Aloe Barbadensis Leaf Juice

Aloe Vera Gel

Aloe vera gel has many properties. First of all, it is an excellent skin moisturizer that provides the skin with vitamins and trace elements. It also restricts water loss and protects against external irritants by forming a protective film on the surface of the skin. Its soothing effects include relief for skin prone to irritation and itching.

INCI name: Aloe Barbadensis Leaf Juice

Aluminum salts

Aluminum salts are used in antiperspirants because they reduce sweat while allowing the skin to breathe. How do they work? On contact with sweat, aluminum salts dissolve and form a thin film on the surface of the skin, limiting the flow of perspiration through the pores while allowing the skin to breathe. Aluminum salts are the most effective ingredients for reducing perspiration. Aluminum salts, in addition to being excellent antiperspirants, are powerful bactericides and are therefore able to prevent odor. This is because unpleasant odors are caused by the bacteria of the cutaneous microbiota breaking down sweat. By destroying these bacteria, aluminum salts also reduce body odor.

INCI name: Aluminum Chlorohydrate

Ammonium Acryloyldimethyltaurate/VP Copolymer

Viscosity control agent

Argan Oil

This oil, rich in vitamin E, is known for its nourishing, regenerating and restructuring properties. Its antioxidant content makes it an ideal active ingredient for combating the signs of skin aging, and its fatty acids restore suppleness and softness to dry, malnourished skin. It also protects the skin against external irritants (cold, wind, etc.).

INCI name: Argania Spinosa Kernel Oil

Atopic Dermatitis

Also called atopic eczema. Eczema is said to be a “constitutional” disorder, because it is the expression of an underlying hereditary allergic predisposition. Eczema appears in infants on the cheeks and in the folds of the elbows knees; the skin oozes, forms scabs and feels very itchy, with a risk of secondary infection. Atopic dermatitis is thus an allergic condition with a very severe reaction that damages the skin and mucous membranes.

Avocado Oil

Very nutritious oil that will nourish the skin.

INCI name: Persea Gratissima Oil

b

Beeswax 

This wax is produced by bees to build the cells of their hive. In cosmetic products, it is mainly used as an emulsifier and thickener. It also leaves a film on the skin that helps stop it drying out.

INCI name: Cera Alba

Beta-Sitosterol 

Emulsion stabilizer and odor masking agent

INCI name: Beta-Sitosterol

Bisabolol 

Bisabolol is an active ingredient that is kind to skin and very effective. It is known particularly for its soothing and repairing properties. This is why it is widely used in products for sensitive skin, after-sun products etc.

INCI name: Bisabolol

Bitter Orange Oil

Bitter orange extract has soothing and purifying properties.

INCI name: Citrus Aurantium Amara Oil

Butylene Glycol

Agent for maintaining the water content of a cosmetic product or of skin

Butylhydroxytoluene 

Anti-oxidant (inhibits oxygen-facilitated reactions, thus avoiding oxidation and rancidity)

INCI name: BHT

c

C12-15 Alkyl Benzoate

Solvent

C18-C22 Hydroxyalkyl Hydroxypropyl Guar

Formula thickening agent

Caesalpinia Spinosa Gum

Film-forming agent, skin care substance

Caprylic/Capric Triglyceride

Dry oil. Softens and smooths.

Caprylyl Glycol

Boosts the action of preservatives

Caramel 

Coloring agent

Castor Oil

This oil, rich in vitamin E, is known for its nourishing, regenerating and restructuring properties. Its antioxidant content makes it an ideal active ingredient for combating the signs of skin aging, and its fatty acids restore suppleness and softness to dry, malnourished skin. It also protects the skin against external irritants (cold, wind, etc.).

INCI name: Ricinus Communis Seed Oil

Castoryl Maleate

Skin care agent: maintains the skin in good condition

Cedar Bark Oil

Cedar Bark Oil is energizing and revitalizing.

INCI name: Citrus Medica Vulgaris Peel Oil

Ceteareth-12 

Emulsifying agent (promotes mixing between two immiscible liquids, e.g. water and oil)

Cetearyl Alcohol

Emulsifying agent (promotes mixing between two immiscible liquids, e.g. water and oil)

Cetearyl Olivate

Emulsifying agent (promotes mixing between two immiscible liquids, e.g. water and oil)

Cetyl Alcohol

Emulsion Stabilizer

Chamomile Matricaria

Chamomile extract has soothing and calming properties.

INCI name: Chamomilla Recutita Flower Extract

Chlorphenesin 

See “Preservatives”

Citric Acid

Astringent. Also enables a formula’s pH to be adjusted

INCI name: Citric Acid

Cocamide MEA

Surfactant (solubilizing/emulsifying surfactants promote formation of emulsions and creams; detergent surfactants facilitate removal of impurities)

Cocamidopropyl Betaine

Cocamidopropyl Betaine is a mild surfactant (or cleansing agent) derived from coconut oil. It is widely used for its foaming properties in cosmetic products such as liquid soaps, shampoos, bath and shower products, etc. It is also an Ecocert/Cosmebio certified organic product.

Coco-Betaine 

Coco-Betaine is a mild surfactant (or cleansing agent) derived from coconut oil. It is widely used for its foaming properties in cosmetic products such as liquid soaps, shampoos, bath and shower products, etc.

Coco-Glucoside 

Surfactant (solubilizing/emulsifying surfactants promote formation of emulsions and creams; detergent surfactants facilitate removal of impurities)

Cocoyl Methyl Glucamide

Surfactant (solubilizing/emulsifying surfactants promote formation of emulsions and creams; detergent surfactants facilitate removal of impurities)

Collagen extract

Emollient (softens and smooths the skin) and moisturizing agent.

INCI name: Hydrolyzed Collagen

Cyclodextrin 

Encapsulating agent for prolonged release of active agents

Cyclopentasiloxane 

See “Silicones”

d

Damask Rose Extract (Floral Water)

Rich in flavonoids, this Damask rose floral water with antioxidant properties helps invigorate the skin and reduce wrinkle formation.

INCI name: Rosa Damascena Flower Extract

Decyl Glucoside

Surfactant (solubilizing/emulsifying surfactants promote formation of emulsions and creams; detergent surfactants facilitate removal of impurities)

Derived from palm oil

<span>Emulsifying agent (agent that promotes mixing of two immiscible liquids, e.g. water and oil) </span>.

INCI name: <span>Palm Kernel Acid</span>

Diatomaceous Earth

Absorbent, matifying agent.

INCI name: Diatomaceous Earth

Dicaprylyl Carbonate

Emollient agent (softens and smooths the skin)

Dimethicone 

See “Silicones”

Dimethyl Phenylpropanol

Bacteriostatic agent

Dipropylene Glycol

Boosts the action of preservatives. Solvent

Disodium EDTA

Disodium EDTA is a sequestering agent, meaning it has the capacity to capture and retain metal ions such as Ca2+ (calcium) and Mg2+ (magnesium). It is used in a variety of cosmetic products: deodorants, bath and shower products, shampoos, face and body creams, etc. It helps maintain the stability of the formula and protect it from oxidation (thus preventing fats contained in the formulas from turning rancid).

Disodium Laureth Sulfosuccinate

Surfactant (solubilizing/emulsifying surfactants promote formation of emulsions and creams; detergent surfactants facilitate removal of impurities)

DMDM Hydantoin

See “Preservatives”

e

Evening Primrose Oil

This oil, rich in vitamin E and unsaponifiables, is known for its nourishing, regenerating and restructuring properties. Its antioxidant content makes it an ideal active ingredient for combating the signs of skin aging, and its fatty acids restore suppleness and softness to dry, malnourished skin. It also protects the skin against external irritants (cold, wind, etc.).

INCI name: Oenothera Biennis Oil

Excipient 

An excipient is a carrier of active ingredient(s). Its composition is such that it modulates the skin’s absorption of the active ingredient. Some excipients facilitate an entirely superficial action, while others allow active ingredients to pass through the stratum corneum or conduct them to the dermis.

g

Gas 

Agent that helps with spraying of the formula

INCI name: Butane

Ginger Root Extract

Ginger is known as an ideal natural product for preventing skin aging and the appearance of the signs of aging.  Thanks to its antioxidant properties, ginger root extract helps neutralize the action of free radicals, the main culprits in the oxidation of cells and therefore skin aging.

INCI name: Zingiber Officinale Root Extract

Glycerin 

Moisturizing, helps maintain the skin’s moisture content

Glyceryl Behenate

Emulsion stabilizer

Glyceryl Laurate

Skin care agent: maintains the skin in good condition

Glyceryl Oleate

Emollient agent (softens and smooths the skin)

Glyceryl Stearate

Emulsifying agent (promotes mixing between two immiscible liquids, e.g. water and oil)

Glycol Distearate

Opacifying agent (reduces transparency)

Grape Seed Oil

This oil, rich in vitamin E and unsaponifiables, is known for its nourishing, regenerating and restructuring properties. Its antioxidant content makes it an ideal active ingredient for combating the signs of skin aging, and its fatty acids restore suppleness and softness to dry, malnourished skin. It also protects the skin against external irritants (cold, wind, etc.).

INCI name: Vitis Vinifera Seed Oil

h

Hundred-Leaved Rose Flower extract

This extract of hundred-leaved rose flowers has revitalizing and soothing properties, helps protect the skin from external irritants, and helps prevent redness.

INCI name: Rosa Centifolia Flower Extract

Hydrogenated Vegetable Oil

Skin care agent: maintains the skin in good condition

Hydroxyethylcellulose 

Emulsion stabilizing agent

Hydroxyphenyl Propamidobenzoic Acid

Active ingredient with strong anti-itching and soothing properties, inspired by the functional molecules of oats

Hydroxypropyl Cyclodextrin

Encapsulating agent for prolonged release of active agents

i

Illipe Butter

Illipe butter is very similar in nature to cocoa butter but has a higher melting point, making it suitable for making hard bars of soap. It has longlasting softening and moisturizing properties which make it a good choice for helping repair dry, cracked skin. It is also very nourishing, with its high vitamin E content. Rich in fatty acids, it is soothing and is used in after-sun products.

INCI name: Shorea Stenoptera Seed Butter

Imidazolidinyl Urea

See “Preservatives”

Isobutane 

Propellant

j

Jojoba Nut Oil

Calming and softening, jojoba oil protects the skin from dehydration and slows down water loss from the skin. It is suitable for all skin types, even the most sensitive. It nourishes the skin, and is absorbed without leaving a greasy film. Regenerating, it maintains the suppleness and elasticity of the skin and fights against the signs of skin aging.

INCI name: Simmondsia Chinensis Seed Oil

Jojoba Wax and Oil Blend

Moisturizing active ingredient

INCI name: Jojoba Esters

l

Lactic Acid

pH regulating agent

INCI name: Lactic Acid

Lactose 

This substance forms a moisturizing film. It has soothing, nourishing and protective properties for the skin

Lanolin 

Emollient agent (softens and smooths the skin). Very good moisturizer

Levulinic Acid

Boosts the action of preservatives.

INCI name: Levulinic Acid

m

Macadamia Nut Oil

This oil, rich in vitamin E and unsaponifiables, is known for its nourishing, regenerating and restructuring properties. Its antioxidant content makes it an ideal active ingredient for combating the signs of skin aging, and its fatty acids restore suppleness and softness to dry, malnourished skin. It also protects the skin against external irritants (cold, wind, etc.).

INCI name: Macadamia Integrifolia Seed Oil COSMOS

Magnesium Aluminometasilicate

Absorbent powder.

Magnesium Aspartate

Skin care agent: maintains the skin in good condition

Magnesium Laureth Sulfate

See “Sulfated Surfactants”

Magnesium PCA

Moisturizing agent

Magnesium Sulfate

Viscosity control agent

Magnolia flower extract

Magnolia extract is derived from the tree’s flowers and has antibacterial and antioxidant properties. It is thus found in anti-aging skincare products, purifying scrubs, soothing serums, etc.

INCI name: Magnolia Officinalis Flower Extract

Mallow Flower Extract

Mallow flower extract is traditionally used for irritated skin because it is soothing and softening. Mallow calms itchy skin and makes skin feel soft. A moisturizer and antioxidant, it combats the harmful action of free radicals and helps combat drying out of the upper layers of the epidermis.

INCI name: Malva Sylvestris Flower Extract

Manganese PCA

Moisturizer and skin care agent: maintains the skin in good condition

Marigold/Calendula Officinalis flower extract

Calendula extract has soothing and calming properties.

INCI name: Calendula Officinalis Flower Extract

Marsh Mallow Root Extract

Marsh mallow root extract has emollient, soothing, protective and decongestant properties.

INCI name: Althaea Officinalis Root Extract

Menthol 

Refreshing (immediate fresh effect).

Menthyl Lactate

Refreshing (immediate fresh effect).

Milk Protein

This substance forms a moisturizing film.  It has soothing, nourishing and protective properties for the skin.

INCI name: Whey Protein

Mineral Oils

Mineral oils are widely used in cosmetics for their useful properties: they help products spread more easily and are well tolerated even by sensitive skin.  The occlusive nature of mineral oils makes them perfect for dry skin because they form a film that prevents dehydration. They should, however, be avoided in the case of oily or acne-prone skin that could develop pimples.

n

Neem leaf extract

Neem leaf extract has antibacterial and antifungal properties

INCI name: Azadirachta Indica Leaf Extract

Niacinamide 

Moisturizing and soothing agent

o

Octyldodecanol 

Emollient agent (softens and smooths the skin).

Oleyl Erucate

<span>Emollient agent (softens and smooths the skin)</span>

Olive leaf extract

Rich in antioxidants, olive leaf extract protects against the harmful action of free radicals and prevents the signs of aging. Rich in vitamin E and polyphenols, it nourishes and regulates the skin’s natural moisture system. It also purifies and protects the skin.

INCI name: Olea Europaea Leaf Extract

Olive Oil

Rich in vitamin E and polyphenols, olive oil protects, nourishes and regulates the skin’s natural moisture system. Emollient and rich oil, it soothes skin prone to redness and irritation and is fully tolerated by even the most sensitive skin. Rich in antioxidants, it prevents signs of aging.

INCI name: Olea Europaea Fruit Oil

Olive Oil PEG-7 Esters

<span>See the “PEGs”</span>

Olivoyl Hydrolyzed Wheat Protein

<span>Surfactant (solubilizing/emulsifying surfactants promote formation of emulsions and creams; detergent surfactants facilitate removal of impurities)</span>

p

Palmitic Acid

<span>Viscosity control agent, emulsion stabilizer</span>.

Panthenol 

<span>Moisturizer>/span>

Peach Kernel Oil

Peach kernel oil is used for its soothing and softening properties. It calms itching and irritation of dry, delicate skin. An emollient, it also nourishes the skin and protects it from drying out. It activates repair of the skin, smoothing and strengthening it.

INCI name: Prunus Persica Kernel Oil

Peach Kernel Oil Glycereth-8 Esters

<span>Promotes miscibility of ingredients, softens</span>

PEG (Polyethylene Glycol)

Acronym for PolyEthylene Glycol, PEG refers to a large family of compounds comprising polymers of ethylene glycol and its derivatives.  They are widely used in cosmetics as surfactants (= cleansing agents, foaming agents), emulsifiers and Surgras agents. At Rogé Cavaillès, we use only very high quality, very pure PEGs in order to minimize the risk of impurities being present.

PEG-100 Stearate

<span>See the “PEGs”</span>

PEG-120 Methyl Glucose Dioleate

<span>See the “PEGs”</span>

PEG-40 Hydrogenated Castor Oil

<span>See the “PEGs”</span>

PEG-6 Caprylic/Capric Glycerides

<span>See the “PEGs”</span>

PEG-7 Glyceryl Cocoate

<span>See the “PEGs”</span>

PEG-75 Lanolin

<span>See the “PEGs”</span>

PEG-80 Hydrogenated Glyceryl Palmate

<span>See the “PEGs”</span>

PEG/PPG-18/18 Dimethicone

<span>See “Silicones”</span>

Pentasodium Pentetate

<span>Chelating agent, reacts and forms complexes with metal ions that could affect the stability and/or appearance of cosmetic products</span>.

Pentylene Glycol

<span>Humectant, maintains the water content of a cosmetic in its packaging and on the skin. Solubilizing agent.</span>

Peppermint leaf extract

Peppermint leaf extract

INCI name: Mentha Piperita Leaf Extract

pH alkaline / pH neutral

pH (potential of hydrogen) corresponds to the degree of acidity or alkalinity. The pH determines the quantity of hydrogen ions present on a scale of 1 to 14. The pH is neutral with a value of 7. The pH is acid with a value from 1 to 7 and alkaline or basic from 7 to 14. The pH of skin is 6.5, for mucous membranes it is 5.5.

Piroctone Olamine

<span>Antibacterial agent and preservative.</span>

Polyglycerin-3 

<span>Agent that helps maintain the water content of a cosmetic product or skin</span>.

Polyglyceryl-3 Diisostearate

<span>Emulsifying agent (agent that promotes mixing of two immiscible liquids, e.g. water and oil) </span>.

Polyglyceryl-4 Caprate

<span>Solubilizing agent</span>.

Polyglyceryl-6 Caprate

<span>Solubilizing agent</span>.

Polyquaternium-10 

<span>Film-forming agent</span>.

Polysorbate 20

<span>Surfactant (solubilizing/emulsifying surfactants promote formation of emulsions and creams; detergent surfactants facilitate removal of impurities)</span>.

Potassium Aspartate

<span>Skin care agent: Maintains the skin in good condition</span>.

Potassium Olivoyl Hydrolyzed Oat Protein

<span>Surfactant (solubilizing/emulsifying surfactants promote formation of emulsions and creams; detergent surfactants facilitate removal of impurities)</span>.

Potassium Palmate

<span>Surfactant (solubilizing/emulsifying surfactants promote formation of emulsions and creams; detergent surfactants facilitate removal of impurities)</span>.

Potassium Sorbate

<span>See “Preservatives”</span>

PPG-15 Stearyl Ether

<span>Emollient agent (softens and smooths the skin)</span>.

PPG-5-Ceteth-20 

<span>Humectant agent</span>.

Prebiotics 

This substance is used for the protection and biostimulation of the skin’s natural defenses. It is a substrate that bioselects beneficial microbial flora to the detriment of pathogens and undesirable flora. It helps protect and repair all types of skin and/or mucous membranes.

INCI name: Alpha-Glucan Oligosaccharide

Preservatives 

<div>Preservatives are often demonized by the media, who forget that they ensure the longevity and safety of cosmetic products by preventing microorganisms (bacteria, fungi, etc.) from growing in the products. At Rogé Cavaillès we tailor our use of preservatives to the product’s formula and intended purpose, so as to guarantee safe use by consumers.  In our formulas, preservatives are always below the maximum legal concentration of 0.5%.
<div>Phenoxyethanol
Widely used in cosmetics, phenoxyethanol is a very effective preservative. In Europe, it is authorized as a preservative in cosmetics, in a maximum concentration of 1%.
<div>DMDM Hydantoin:
DMDM hydantoin is an extremely effective preservative, authorized in Europe in cosmetics in a maximum concentration of 0.6%.  At Rogé Cavaillès, we use DMDMD Hydantoin only in very rare cases where there are no alternatives, and then only in very low concentrations.
<div>Sodium Benzoate
Sodium Benzoate is a derivative of benzoic acid. It has a powerful antimicrobial action, enabling it to effectively combat bacteria, yeasts and fungi. This preservative, even though synthetic, is accepted in organic cosmetics that meet the Ecocert standard.

Propane 

<span>Propellant gas </span>

Propanediol 

<span>Solvent and humectant</span>.

Propolis Extract

<span>Antibacterial and soothing agent</span>.

Propylene Carbonate

<span>Viscosity control agent</span>.

Propylene Glycol

<span>Solvent and humectant</span>.

r

Rice Oil

Emollient agent (softens and smooths the skin)

INCI name: Oryza Sativa Bran Oil

Rice Starch

Absorbent agent.

INCI name: Oryza Sativa Starch

Rose of Provins Extract (Floral Water)

In alternative medicine, Rose of Provins is considered the most powerful rose.  This floral water has astringent, soothing, refreshing and toning properties.

INCI name: Rosa Gallica Flower Water

s

Sacred Lotus Flower extract

The extract of the lotus, a sacred flower in the East and in Asia, beautifies all skin types, regenerates dry and mature skin and soothes sensitive skin. It is also known for its decongestant properties.

INCI name: Nelumbo Nucifera Flower Extract

Sarcosine 

<span>Skin care agent: Maintains the skin in good condition</span>.

Sesame Seed Oil

Sesame oil, rich in essential fatty acids, adds restructuring, softening properties to your skincare products and massage oils, without leaving a greasy film. A regenerating agent, and rich in antioxidants, it effectively combats desquamation (skin peeling) and helps dry skin prone to discomfort. It is easily absorbed by the skin, softens it, and maintains good skin moisturization.

INCI name: Sesamum Indicum Oil

Shea Butter

Shea butter is extracted from the fruit of the shea tree, which grows only in the wild in the woodland savannas of West Africa. This ingredient has many properties and has been widely used for centuries in certain regions of Africa. It is also used for medicinal purposes in Senegal, where it is traditionally recommended for soothing sprains, aches and rheumatism. Its contents – which include fatty acid, vitamins A and E, phytosterols, and omegas 6 and 9 – give it some amazing properties. It not only has powerful moisturizing and nourishing effects, but it also soothes and repairs, making it an ideal choice for sensitive skin or skin exposed to extreme weather.

INCI name: Butyrospermum Parkii Butter

Silicones 

Silicones are a family of substances, including dimethicone and cyclopentasiloxane, among others. They are used in cosmetic products for various purposes: they make creams feel more pleasant and make them easier to spread, with a non-greasy feel. They are also used in spray deodorants with antiperspirants, as a solvent to dilute the formula’s ingredients.  Silicones do not penetrate the skin barrier: some silicones remain on the surface of the skin, while others evaporate on contact with the skin.

Soap 

A soap is a fatty acid salt resulting from the action of a strong base (soda or potash) on a fatty substance (triglycerides). Soaps are pastes with varying degrees of solidity. The fats used are a mixture of animal (tallow) or plant-based (olive oil, palm oil, palm kernel oil, etc.).

Soap 

A soap is a fatty acid salt produced from the reaction of a strong base (soda or potassium hydroxide) with a fat (triglycerides).
Soaps are pastes which can vary in their degree of solidity. The fats used are a mix of animal fat (tallow) or vegetable fat (palm, oil palm, olive oil etc.).

Soap Nut Tree Fruit Extract

Soap nut tree fruit extract is energizing and revitalizing.

INCI name: Sapindus Mukurossi Fruit Extract

Sodium Benzoate

<span>See “Preservatives”</span>

Sodium Chloride

<span>Viscosity control agent</span>.

Sodium Citrate

<span>pH regulator</span>.

Sodium Cocoate

<span>Surfactant (solubilizing/emulsifying surfactants promote formation of emulsions and creams; detergent surfactants facilitate removal of impurities)</span>.

Sodium Cocoyl Amino Acids

<span>Surfactant (solubilizing/emulsifying surfactants promote formation of emulsions and creams; detergent surfactants facilitate removal of impurities)</span>.

Sodium Gluconate

<span>Sodium Gluconate is a sequestering agent, i.e. capable of capturing and retaining metal ions such as Ca2+ (calcium) and Mg2+ (magnesium). It is used in a variety of cosmetic products: deodorants, bath and shower products, shampoos, face and body creams, etc. It helps maintain the stability of the formula and protect it from oxidation (thus preventing fats contained in the formulas from turning rancid). </span>

Sodium Hydroxide

<span>pH regulator</span>.

Sodium Laureth Sulfate (SLES)

See “Sulfated Surfactant”.

INCI name: Sodium Laureth Sulfate

Sodium Lauroamphoacetate

<span>Surfactant (solubilizing/emulsifying surfactants promote formation of emulsions and creams; detergent surfactants facilitate removal of impurities)</span>.

Sodium Lauroyl Glutamate

<span>Surfactant (solubilizing/emulsifying surfactants promote formation of emulsions and creams; detergent surfactants facilitate removal of impurities)</span>.

Sodium Lauroyl Sarcosinate

<span>Surfactant (solubilizing/emulsifying surfactants promote formation of emulsions and creams; detergent surfactants facilitate removal of impurities)</span>.

Sodium Levulinate

<span>Agent that boosts the action of preservatives.</span>

Sodium Palmate

<span>Surfactant (solubilizing/emulsifying surfactants promote formation of emulsions and creams; detergent surfactants facilitate removal of impurities)</span>.

Sodium PCA

<span>Moisturizer</span>.

Sodium Tallowate

<span>Surfactant (solubilizing/emulsifying surfactants promote formation of emulsions and creams; detergent surfactants facilitate removal of impurities)</span>.

Sodium Trideceth Sulfate

<span>See “Sulfated surfactant”</span>

Sorbic Acid

<span>See “Preservatives”</span>

Sorbitan Olivate

<span>Emulsifying agent (agent that promotes mixing of two immiscible liquids, e.g. water and oil) </span>.

Sorbitol 

Humectant, maintains the water content of a cosmetic in its packaging and on the skin

INCI name: <span>Hydrogenated starch hydrolysate</span>

Sorbitol 

<span>Moisturizer</span>.

Squalene 

<span>Skin care agent: Maintains the skin in good condition</span>.

Stearalkonium Bentonite

Viscosity control agent.

Steareth-2 

<span>Emulsifying agent (agent that promotes mixing of two immiscible liquids, e.g. water and oil) </span>.

Steareth-21 

<span>Emulsifying agent (agent that promotes mixing of two immiscible liquids, e.g. water and oil) </span>.

Stearic Acid

<span>Emulsion stabilizing agent</span>.

Styrene/Acrylates Copolymer

<span>Opacifying agent (reduces transparency)</span>.

Sulfated surfactants 

The sulfated surfactants are: Sodium Lauryl Sulfate (SLS), Ammonium Lauryl Sulfate (ALS), Sodium Laureth Sulfate (SLES) and Magnesium Laureth Sulfate (MLES).
Sulfated surfactants are cleansing agents widely used in cosmetic products for their cleansing and foaming properties.  They have the property of suspending dirt that is not readily water-soluble, thus allowing its removal.
SLES and SLS have been in use for many years. Too-frequent use of products containing SLES or SLS may cause irritation. Therefore, we use a combination of different surfactants in the Rogé Cavaillès formulas and add ingredients that reduce their irritant potential (fattening agents, oils, etc.), for more comfortable use.

Sunflower wax

Sunflower seed wax surrounds the sunflower’s seeds. It is used as a thickening agent in emulsions and balms and also has soothing properties.

INCI name: <Helianthus Annuus Seed Wax</span>

Surfactant 

A molecule with a dual polarity. The head has a great affinity for water and the tail has a great affinity for oil. The surfactant family is very varied. Surfactants are mainly used as cleansing agents.

Surfactant 

Molecule with double polarity. The “head” has a great affinity for water and the tail has a great affinity for oil. The surfactant family is a very varied family. Surfactants are mainly used as cleansing agents.

Surgras soap

Surgras soaps are enriched with surgras agents like lanolin and sweet almond oil, and contain a certain proportion of crude glycerine and glycerides. They protect the skin.

Sweet Almond Oil

Sweet almond oil is used for its soothing and softening properties. It calms itching and irritation of dry, delicate skin. An emollient, it also nourishes the skin and protects it from drying out. It activates repair of the skin, smoothing and strengthening it.

INCI name: Prunus Amygdalus Dulcis Oil COSMOS

Syndet 

A synthetic detergent created by the Americans during the second world war to lather in sea water. They are soap-free cleansers. They can be liquid or solid.

Syndet 

A synthetic detergent created by the Americans during World War II to foam in sea water. These are soap-free toiletries. They can be liquid or solid.

t

Talc 

Absorbent agent.

Tetrahydrodiferuloylmethane 

<span>Active agent extracted from turmeric, active against Candida albicans (the yeast particularly responsible for yeast infection)</span>.

Tetrasodium EDTA

<span>Tetrasodium EDTA is a sequestering agent, meaning it has the capacity to capture and retain metal ions such as Ca2+ (calcium) and Mg2+ (magnesium). It is used in a variety of cosmetic products: deodorants, bath and shower products, shampoos, face and body creams, etc. It helps maintain the stability of the formula and protect it from oxidation (thus preventing fats contained in the formulas from turning rancid). </span>

Tetrasodium Etidronate

<span>Chelating agent, reacts and forms complexes with metal ions that could affect the stability and/or appearance of cosmetic products</span>.

Tetrasodium Glutamate Diacetate

<span>Chelating agent, reacts and forms complexes with metal ions that could affect the stability and/or appearance of cosmetic products</span>.

Thyme Extract

Thyme extract is known for its antiseptic and antibacterial properties.

INCI name: Thymus Vulgaris Flower/Leaf Extract

Titanium Dioxide/CI 77891

<span>Opacifying agent (reduces transparency), UV filter.</span>

Trehalose 

<span>Moisturizer.</span>

Triethanolamine 

<span>pH regulator</span>.

Triethyl Citrate

<span>Reduces formation of unpleasant body odor.</span>

v

Vegetable oil derivative

<span>Surfactant (solubilizing/emulsifying surfactants promote formation of emulsions and creams; detergent surfactants facilitate removal of impurities)</span>.

INCI name: <span>Potassium Palm Kernelate</span>

Vitamin C

Vitamin C is one of the star active ingredients in cosmetics. It is first and foremost a powerful antioxidant capable of protecting the skin from damage caused by free radicals and environmental stress (pollution, etc.). It is also a powerful anti-aging agent because it stimulates collagen synthesis and fibroblast renewal. Finally, vitamin C is active in the manufacture of melanin, the skin’s pigment, and thus helps correct and prevent pigmentation spots.

INCI name: Ascorbyl palmitate

Vitamin E

<span>Anti-oxidant (inhibits oxygen-facilitated reactions, thus avoiding oxidation and rancidity)</span>.

INCI name: <span>Tocopheryl Acetate</span>

w

Water 

Solvent

INCI name: Aqua

Water mint leaf extract

Water mint leaf extract has refreshing properties

INCI name: Mentha Aquatica Leaf Extract

Witch Hazel Floral Water

Witch hazel floral water is soothing and astringent (tightens the pores).

INCI name: Hamamelis virginiana leaf water

x

Xanthan Gum

<span>Formula thickening agent</span>.

Xylitol 

<span>Moisturizer</span>.

z

Zinc PCA

<span>Antibacterial agent</span>.

1

12490 CI

Coloring agent

15510 CI

Coloring agent

15985 CI

Coloring agent

17200 CI

Coloring agent

19140 CI

Coloring agent

4

42051 CI

Coloring agent

47005 CI

Coloring agent

7

77891 CI

<span>See Titanium Dioxide</span>